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The volcanoes in Japan- 12 fascinating things you should know

    Are you planning a trip to the volcanoes in Japan? Or perhaps you just want to know more about these fascinating feats of nature? The volcanoes in Japan are super interesting- keep reading to find out why!

    The Volcanoes in Japan- Must Know Facts

    Did you know volcanoes in Japan are known for their unique symmetrical shape and thermal hot springs? Being situated at the heart of the Pacific Ring of Fire, this country has been blessed with a remarkable landscape. 

    If your next trip is to see the stunning beauty of the volcanoes in Japan, here are 12 interesting facts you should know about them.

    1. Mount Fuji- A World Heritage Site

    The great Mount Fuji, also known as Fuji-san, has the highest peak among all the volcanoes in Japan. Standing at an elevation of 3776 meters, it holds great cultural and religious significance in Japanese history. 

    Since the origin of the volcano took place after a series of eruptions, it holds a unique physical and chemical structure. The perfect symmetrical cone covered with snow is an ideal spot for nature lovers and photographers to capture its finest details. 

    Being filled with layers of ash, lava, and gas over the course of multiple volcanic eruptions fuels its volcanic activity. Besides, Mount Fuji holds the title of being a World Heritage Site. It was recognised for having a deep artistic impact and cultural significance in the society 

    Moreover, this one of the volcanoes in Japan is a sacred and sentimental site for Buddhists and Shinotis. Tourists visiting the volcano will get a chance to observe various rituals performed by religious communities seeking clarity, health, and spirituality from Mount Fuji.

    Having diverse altitudes and microclimates, Mount Fuji inhabits a vast array of ecological zones, from distinct plant species like ‘The Fuji Thistle’ to exotic animals like black bears. In addition to the biodiversity, the breathtaking panoramas and awe-inspiring landscapes attract tourists to ascend Mount Fuji.

    2. Mount Aso- Boasts Rich Volcanic Ash 

    12 things you should know about the volcanoes in Japan 

    Did you know Mount Aso holds the title of being home to one of the largest calderas in the world? A caldera is a type of crater or depression formed as a result of frequent eruptions. 

    Since Aso is not a lone volcano, it supports more than four active volcanoes on its crater. Each of these peaks has a distinct eruption pattern contributing to the scenic beauty and lush foliage covering the extensive slopes.

    Moreover, at the expense of the volcano’s rich ash deposits, the surrounding area has turned into fertile agricultural land. Besides, the minerals and nutrients present in the dense ash have nourishing properties and are good for retaining moisture. 

    While Mount Aso is considered the most active among the volcanoes in Japan, it shows occasional volcanic activity. If you are lucky, then you might get a chance to witness the subtle steam and rumbling of an eruption up close. Since it is potentially dangerous, it is advised to follow security measures to avoid any uncertain hazards.

    The most unique factor of this volcano that makes it a popular destination among tourists is its geothermal creations. These include hot springs, geysers, and vents that resulted from the high pressure and gas emissions in the region. 

    These hot springs, or “onsen” in Japanese, are a natural phenomenon of a bathtub holding several medicinal and therapeutic properties. 

    3. Sakurajima- Japan’s One of the Most Active Volcanoes

    Planning to see the captivating beauty of the Sakurajima volcano? The volcano certainly has some fascinating features in its region. For starters, Sakurajima is a renowned active volcano known for its frequent eruptions. These consistent eruptions are responsible for the formation of phenomenal ashy plumes in the sky that move up to great heights.

    The vibrant plumes emitting from the towering volcano enhance the beauty of the volcanic landscape. Moreover, another unique characteristic of this incredible volcano is the presence of volcanic lightning. This sensational aspect occurs when the static current produced during a series of eruptions collide with volcanic gases, high pressure, and other intense particles resulting in lightning flashes.

    In addition to volcanic lightning and ashy plumes, the Sakurajima volcano is also responsible for the formation of new islands and secreting volcanic materials like tephra. The volcanic bombs and tephra refer to large lava rocks, ash, lapilli, and other fragments secreted out of the volcano.

    4. Mount Ontake- Second Highest Volcano in Japan

    12 things you should know about the volcanoes in Japan 

    The majestic Mount Ontake is the second-highest among the volcanoes in Japan after Mount Fuji. Towering at a height of 3067 meters, it offers a marvellous display of scenic landscape. Mount Ontake being a stratovolcano, is characterised by its perfectly symmetrical cone structure along with deep sturdy slopes; the stratovolcano enhances the physical appeal of the volcano. 

    Moreover, the Ontake volcano holds a significant value among Buddhism and Shintoism religions. You will find the volcano occupied with several shrines, temples, and camps filled with Buddhists and Shinotis offering their respects and seeking spiritual prosperity.

    Besides, the towering height and customised trails offer an astounding opportunity for tourists to see the divine beauty of the volcano closely. Each level of the volcano is covered with diverse plant species, flora, and fauna, along with other vegetation. The biodiversity and picturesque views are a sight for sore eyes and a rewarding experience for hikers.

    In addition to the rich biodiversity, the volcano also homes unique alpine vegetation and blooming wildflowers. This, along with the jaw-dropping panoramas it offers, makes it the busiest site for photographers.

    5. Volcanoes in Japan Lead to Emergence of Islands

    Did you know that the volcanoes in Japan have the superpower to create new entities? Japan has more than 6000 islands on its land, and most of them were formed as a result of intense volcanic eruptions.

    Among the Japanese archipelago, Hokkaido Island is the second largest island after Honshu Island. The Island was formed as a result of volcanic activity on Mount Usu. Hokkaido island gained popularity among visitors for its exceptional looks, unique onsens, ski resorts, and delicious food.

    Additionally, Honshu Island is another great attraction site, created by the volcanic eruption of the great Mount Fuji. This masterpiece is known for its vibrant landscape and historical monuments rich with cultural blends and traditions. 

    Moreover, Nishinoshima Island is an additional landmark that resulted from the Nishinoshima volcanic eruption. The island is known for its expansion as a result of the cool lava. The Japanese archipelago is a visual of rich cultural heritage, filled with religious temples, unique flowers, and picturesque coastal beauty.

    6. The Secret Behind Frequent Eruptions of Volcanoes in Japan

    12 things you should know about the volcanoes in Japan 

    Japan is home to more than 400 volcanoes, of which 111 are active. Ever wondered why volcanoes in Japan have such frequent volcanic eruptions?  

    The primary reason behind the volcano’s active eruption is its position above the Pacific Ring Of Fire, which is known for having high seismic activity. Another reason contributing to its volcanic landscape is the multiple volcanic zones in Japan- possessing various intensities of eruption. 

    Moreover, the Eurasian plate above the Pacific plate creates subduction zones producing high pressures, leading to frequent volcanic eruptions. In addition, the country is composed of explosive matter such as rocks, lava, and ash deposits that contribute to its consecutive eruptions.

    7. Mount Asama- Offers Scenic Panoramas 

    Mount Asama is one of the volcanoes in Japan that is popular for its ideal cone symmetry with steep slopes. Besides, it is one of the most active volcanoes, given its volatile composition of ash, lava, and debris. Although the volcano has not had a major eruption since 2009, the consecutive accumulation of the matter contributes to its occasional volcanic activity.

    Besides having a picture-perfect build, the volcano is known to have the highest peak of 2568 meters in Japan. The towering height and the dramatic volcanic rumbling offer great panoramic views from nearby landmarks such as Shiraito Falls and Mount Kusatsu. In fact, tourists come to Mount Asama to witness the ever-changing themes of the landscape as the season changes. 

    Moreover, in Japanese mythology, Mount Asama holds deep cultural significance as a symbol of divine beauty and perseverance. The spiritual connection is sought by the people by practising diverse rituals and ceremonies in the temples and shrines situated on the volcano.

    The volcano Asama is a great site for outdoor enthusiasts to visit, given its vast array of activities. You can trek on the mighty volcano and reward yourself with awe-inspiring visuals and diverse flora as you ascend to the summit. The volcano’s onsens are a hotspot for tourists to take a relaxing bath in the thermal tub. 

    8. Mount Unzen- A Geological Hub for Scientists

    Mount Unzen is popular for its dramatic eruption that occurred in 1990, ejecting pyroclastic flows and ash deposits. The eruption was so unpredictable that it attracted attention globally, reporting the loss of lives and destruction of the landscape. 

    Another unique feature of Mount Unzen is its Jigoku Meguri, also known as the ‘hell tour’. Jigoku Meguri is a tourist spot that allows visitors to observe the remnants of past volcanic deposits and understand the dynamic nature of the volcano. The sudden and volcanic nature of the eruption attracted several scientists and geologists making it a geological hub for researchers. 

    This research allowed the scientists to assess its distinct location and find factors that lead to such unpredictable volcanic activity. Besides being a valuable site for volcanic research, it also holds significant landmarks in its region. Shimabara Castle, sitting at the foot of Mount Unzen, is a popular landmark that holds a powerful influence in Japanese history.

    9. Mount Zaõ- Homes “Juhyo,” the Snow Monster

    Did you know the volcano of Zao is home to superficial monsters? This statement is partially correct since, during the winter season, the volcano is covered with thick sheets of snow. The strong winds travelling at a super speed pull the snow into its field, and together they wrap the trees in complete ice. 

    The crystal formation is formed by rime ice that are frozen water droplets. These droplets mould into different structures, giving the trees a spooky look, hence the name “juhyo”- the snow monster. The phenomenon of Juhyo has a cultural and historical significance and has been a great part of Japanese folklore

    Given its icy landscape during winter, Mount Zao offers a variety of snow activities such as snowboarding, skiing, and ropeway rides to enjoy the enchanting beauty of the site. Besides having fantastic hiking trails, Mount Zao also supports two distinct peaks, Goshiki-dake and Katta-ga-dake.

    10. Mount Iwate- Known As The Proud Mountain 

    12 things you should know about the volcanoes in Japan 

    Mount Iwate, also known as the Proud Mountain, is a prominent volcano being a symbol of strength and glory for the people of Iwate. Being a stratovolcano, it has the perfect cone shape symmetry with steep slopes with an elevation of 2038 metres.  

    The tall volcano with sturdy steps gives a broad outlook of the nearby landscape, reflecting nature’s divine creations. Besides offering magnificent panoramas, the volcano is a great hiking spot featuring the diverse flora of the region. Moreover, the volcano is also home to Iwate San Shrine, which is sacred to the Shinoti believers.

    If you are planning a trip to see volcanoes in Japan in winter, visit Mount Iwate, as you can take part in numerous exciting snow activities such as skiing, snowboarding, and sightseeing in the glorious snowy landscape. Various onsens are also distributed throughout the region, giving tourists a divine spot for relaxation and rejuvenation.

    11. Mount Yotei- Boasts the Toshichi Hot Spring 

    Mount Yotei is another great volcanic site among the volcanoes in Japan, featuring picturesque views of this symmetrical beauty. At a height of 1899 metres, the volcano has gained immense popularity among hikers and volcanic enthusiasts. The short distance allows beginner-level hikers to easily conquer the summit and witness the incredible sight of nearby farmland, meadows, and hills.

    The greatest specialty of Mount Yotei is its remarkable Toshichi Onsen. This hot spring holds several healing and therapeutic properties due to its mineral-abundant water. The Onsen is a peaceful spot to relax and enjoy the breathtaking atmosphere of the towering Mount Yotei. 

    Besides, Toshichi Onsen holds traditional significance in Japanese culture. Taking a dip in these waters is associated with the purification of the soul. Moreover, The journey toward the summit holds a vast array of activities providing an exhilarating experience to the tourists.

    12. Owakudani Valley- Created After Eruption of Mount Hakone

    12 things you should know about the volcanoes in Japan 

    Owakudani Valley is a fascinating site formed as a result of the intense volcanic activity of Mount Hakone. This valley of wonder is known for having abundant sulphurous fumes that give it an out-of-this-world appearance.

    Another famous feature of Owakudani Valley is the phenomenon of Kuro Tamago. Kuro Tamago is also known as black-boiled eggs, which, when boiled in the magical valley, are said to add 7 years to your life.

    Moreover, the valley is filled with numerous boiling ponds having unique features. The specialty of these ponds is their colour-changing characteristics. The water changes colour from turquoise to yellow.

    Besides experiencing the magical effects of Kuro Tamago, tourists can also enjoy exceptional panoramas, along with exploring the built trails on the site. Another exciting activity visitors can explore is the Hakone Ropeway. It is a cable car that offers a stunning ride through Owakudani Valley.

    Wrapping Up

    Volcanoes in Japan are known for their diverse cone symmetry, natural hot springs, and amazing hiking sites. Here you will find intriguing phenomena like black-boiled eggs and hell tours that will leave you awestruck.

    As a tourist, volcanoes in Japan have everything to make you fall in love with mother nature. While there are a lot of places to uncover, we have extracted 12 volcanoes in Japan that offer much more than breathtaking views. 

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